How Physiotherapy Helps to Get Rid of Your Chronic Low Back Pain

12/30/20233 min read

woman in white tank top and blue denim shorts sitting on bed
woman in white tank top and blue denim shorts sitting on bed


Chronic low back pain can be a debilitating condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It can significantly impact one's quality of life, making even the simplest tasks a challenge. While there are various treatment options available, physiotherapy has proven to be highly effective in managing and alleviating chronic low back pain. In this article, we will explore how physiotherapy can help you get rid of your chronic low back pain and provide you with some simple tips to try until you can call your family physiotherapist.

The Role of a Physiotherapist

A physiotherapist is a healthcare professional who specializes in the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of musculoskeletal conditions, including chronic low back pain. They are experts in understanding the complex mechanics of the human body and can develop personalized treatment plans to address your specific needs.

1. Assessment and Diagnosis

The first step in managing chronic low back pain is a thorough assessment and diagnosis by a physiotherapist. They will evaluate your medical history, conduct a physical examination, and may even order diagnostic tests, such as X-rays or MRI scans, to determine the underlying cause of your pain.

2. Developing a Treatment Plan

Once the physiotherapist has identified the cause of your chronic low back pain, they will develop a personalized treatment plan tailored to your specific needs. This plan may include a combination of manual therapy techniques, exercises, and other modalities to help alleviate your pain and improve your overall function.

3. Manual Therapy Techniques

Physiotherapists are skilled in various manual therapy techniques that can help reduce pain, improve flexibility, and restore normal movement in your back. These techniques may include:

  • Joint mobilizations: Gentle movements applied to the spine to improve joint mobility.
  • Soft tissue mobilization: Techniques that help release tension and tightness in the muscles and surrounding tissues.
  • Spinal manipulation: Controlled, high-velocity movements applied to the spine to improve joint function and reduce pain.

4. Exercise Prescription

Exercise is a crucial component of physiotherapy for chronic low back pain. Your physiotherapist will prescribe specific exercises to strengthen the muscles supporting your spine, improve flexibility, and enhance your posture. These exercises may include:

  • Core strengthening exercises: Targeting the muscles of the abdomen, lower back, and pelvis to provide stability and support to the spine.
  • Stretching exercises: To improve flexibility and relieve muscle tension.
  • Aerobic exercises: Such as walking or swimming, to improve cardiovascular fitness and overall well-being.

5. Education and Self-Management Strategies

Physiotherapists play a crucial role in educating patients about their condition and providing them with self-management strategies to prevent future episodes of low back pain. They may provide advice on proper posture, body mechanics, ergonomics, and strategies for pain management.

Simple Tips to Try Until You Can Call Your Family Physiotherapist

While it is always recommended to consult a physiotherapist for a comprehensive assessment and treatment plan, here are some simple tips you can try until you can schedule an appointment:

1. Maintain Good Posture

Poor posture can contribute to low back pain. Be mindful of your posture throughout the day, especially when sitting or standing for long periods. Use ergonomic supports, such as lumbar rolls or adjustable chairs, to maintain a neutral spine position.

2. Apply Heat or Cold Therapy

Applying heat or cold therapy to your lower back can help alleviate pain and reduce inflammation. Use a hot water bottle or a cold pack wrapped in a towel for 15-20 minutes at a time, several times a day.

3. Avoid Prolonged Sitting or Standing

Avoid sitting or standing in one position for too long, as it can put strain on your lower back. Take regular breaks to stretch, walk around, or change your position.

4. Practice Gentle Stretching

Perform gentle stretching exercises to relieve muscle tension and improve flexibility in your lower back. Consult a physiotherapist for specific stretches suitable for your condition.

5. Use Proper Lifting Techniques

When lifting heavy objects, use your legs instead of your back to minimize strain. Bend your knees, keep your back straight, and lift with your leg muscles.

6. Maintain a Healthy Weight

Excess weight can put additional stress on your lower back. Maintain a healthy weight through a balanced diet and regular exercise to reduce the strain on your spine.

7. Avoid High-Impact Activities

Avoid high-impact activities that can exacerbate your low back pain, such as running or jumping. Opt for low-impact exercises like swimming or cycling, which are gentler on your joints.


Physiotherapy is an effective and non-invasive approach to managing chronic low back pain. By working with a physiotherapist, you can receive personalized treatment plans, including manual therapy techniques, exercise prescription, and education on self-management strategies. While waiting for your appointment, try these simple tips to alleviate your pain and improve your overall well-being. Remember, it is essential to consult a physiotherapist for a comprehensive assessment and tailored treatment plan to address the underlying cause of your chronic low back pain.